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Rome is the capital of Italy with 2,876,076 residents in 1,285 km2. It is also the country's most populated comune. It is the fourth-most populous city in the European Union by population within city limits. It is a sprawling, cosmopolitan city with nearly 3,000 years of globally influential art, architecture and culture on display. It is the center of the Metropolitan City of Rome. It ranked 13th-most-visited city in the world in 2016, 3rd most visited in the European Union, and the most popular tourist attraction in Italy. Its historic center is listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. It is the seat of United Nations' Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The city hosts the headquarters of many international business companies, suchas Eni, Enel, TIM and national and international banks such as Unicredit and BNL. Its business district, called EUR, is the base of many companies involved in the oil industry, the pharmaceutical industry and financial services.
Rome enjoys a Mediterranean climate with cool, humid winters and warm, dry summers.Its average annual temperature is above 20 °C (68 °F) during the day and 10 °C (50 °F) at night. In the coldest month – January, the average temperature is 12 °C (54 °F). In the warmest months – July and August, the average temperature is 30 °C (86 °F). Snowfall is rare but not unheard of. The average relative humidity is 75%, varying from 72% in July to 77% in November. Sea temperatures vary from a low of 13 °C (55 °F) in February and March to a high of 24 °C (75 °F) in August.
Rome today is one of the most important tourist destinations of the world, due to the incalculable immensity of its archaeological and artistic treasures, as well as for the charm of its unique traditions, many monuments like Victor Emmanuel II Monument and the Spanish Steps, a truly monumental stairway of 135 steps, were built with French funds between 1721â€‘1725. The museums – like Museum Capitolini,, Colosseum, churches like Basilica of San Clemente and Santa Maria in Trastevere in which Santa is one of the oldest churches in Rome, palaces, and historical buildings. The Baths of Caracalla, the second largest public baths in Rome. It contains numerous ancient sites, including the Forum Romanum, Trajan's Market, and the Pantheon, and contains a vast and impressive collection of art Galleria Borghese. Ostia Antica is an important archeological site that once was the seaport for Rome. Fountains like Trevi Fountain, frozen at Piazza Ara Coeli. It is also widely recognised as a world fashion capital. It is the fourth most important centre for fashion in the world. Public parks and nature reserves cover a large area in Rome, and the city has one of the largest areas of green space among European capitals. Campo de’ Fiori is a rectangular square south of Piazza Navona used as a marketplace during the day, and party central for college students and tourists at night. The Roman Forum was for centuries the teeming heart of ancient Rome.
Rome is at the centre of the radial network of roads that roughly follow the lines of the ancient. The Appian Way is the most famous ancient road in Rome, connecting the city with Brindisi in southeastern Italy. It is served by three airports in which the intercontinental Leonardo da Vinci International Airport is Italy's chief airport, located within the nearby Fiumicino, south-west of Rome. The older Rome Ciampino Airport is a joint civilian and military airport. A third airport, the Roma-Urbe Airport, is a small, low-traffic airport located about 6 km (4 mi) north of the city centre, which handles most helicopter and private flights.
Association football is the most popular sport in Rome. The city hosted the final games of the 1934 and 1990 FIFA World Cup. The latter took place in the Olympic Stadium, It hosted the 1960 Summer Olympics, with great success. Every May, it hosts the ATP Masters Series tennis tournament on the clay courts of the Foro Italico.